Preliminary ruling

Art. 267 TFEU provides a mechanism of direct cooperation between national judges and the CJEU. It allows any national court to refer questions directly to the CJEU on the interpretation or validity of EU law. In principle, courts against whose decisions there is no domestic judicial remedy are under an obligation to refer a preliminary question whenever they have doubt on the interpretation or the validity of EU provisions, whereas other courts are under an obligation to refer only if they consider that the provision of EU law applicable to their case is not valid.

European Union, CJEU, DEB, judgement of 22 December 2010

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Germany - Court of Justice of European Union - Effective judicial protection - Art. 47 - Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial - Art. 6 - Right to a fair trial -

Sweden, Supreme Court, Nytt Juridiskt Arkiv Avdelning I, NJA 2013 s 502, decision 11 June 2013

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External - Internal -

Categories: Sweden - National Courts - Supreme Court - Criminal law - Art. 8 - Protection of personal data -

CJEU, Baltic Media Alliance Ltd v Lietuvos radijo ir televizijos komisija, Case C-622/17, pending

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Lithuania - Other body - Art. 11 - Freedom of expression and information -

CJEU, Glawischnig-Piesczek v Facebook, C-18/18, pending

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Horizontal interaction - National level - Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Austria - Court of Justice of European Union - National Courts - Supreme Court - Art. 11 - Freedom of expression and information -

CJEU, Google Spain SL and Google Inc. v Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD) and Mario Costeja González, Case C‑131/12

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling - Dissenting judicial interpretation -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Spain - Court of Justice of European Union - National Courts - Supreme Court - Other body - Art. 7 - Respect for private and family life - Art. 8 - Protection of personal data - Art. 11 - Freedom of expression and information -

CJEU, Mesopotamia Broadcast A/S METV (C-244/10) and Roj TV A/S (C-245/10) v Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Horizontal interaction - Supra-national level - Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Germany - Court of Justice of European Union - National Courts - Supreme Court - Ordinary Court - Other body - Art. 11 - Freedom of expression and information - Art. 10 - Freedom of expression -

CJEU, Tietosuojavaltuutettu v Satakunnan Markkinapörssi Oy and Satamedia Oy, Case C-73/07

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Horizontal interaction - External - Supra-national level - Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Finland - Court of Justice of European Union - European Court of Human Rights - National Courts - Supreme Court - Ordinary Court - Other body - Art. 7 - Respect for private and family life - Art. 8 - Protection of personal data - Art. 11 - Freedom of expression and information - Art. 8 - Right to respect for private and family life - Art. 10 - Freedom of expression -

European Union, CJEU, A v. B and Others, judgment of 11 September 2014

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: Austria - Court of Justice of European Union - Criminal law - Effective judicial protection - Art. 47 - Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial - Art. 6 - Right to a fair trial -

European Union, CJEU, A, B and C, Judgement of 4 December 2014

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Interpretative techniques - Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Vertical interaction - External -

Categories: The Netherlands - Court of Justice of European Union - Migration and asylum - Art. 7 - Respect for private and family life -

European Union, CJEU, Abdida, Judgement of 18 December 2014

Conflict: Conflict of interpretation -

Judicial interaction techniques: Consistent interpretation - Interaction between courts - Preliminary ruling -

Judicial interaction type: Horizontal interaction - Supra-national level - Vertical interaction - Internal -

Categories: Belgium - Court of Justice of European Union - European Court of Human Rights - National Courts - Constitutional Court - Ordinary Court - Other body - Migration and asylum - Art. 19 - Protection in the event of removal, expulsion or extradition - Art. 47 - Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial - Art. 3 - Prohibition of torture - Art. 13 - Right to an effective remedy - Redial -

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